In developed countries, 5 to 10% of hospital patients are affected (up to 30% in intensive care units) and these figures are 2 to 3 times higher in developing countries.
It is also the 7th cause of death in the world which causes 2 million deaths per year (80,000 deaths in the USA, 4,200 to 9,000 deaths in France) 1.
Excreta (vomiting, urine, stools) are a reservoir of microorganisms capable of causing infections and with a very high capacity for dissemination:
The bacterial risk linked to stools is particularly high because there are very many families of bacteria whose reservoir is the digestive tract: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterococci resistant to glycopeptides, Clostridium difficile…
These Enterobacteria are responsible for 38% to 50% of Infections Associated with Healthcare (IAS) and Nosocomial Infections (NI), they become resistant to antibiotics and we even see the emergence of BHRe “Highly Resistant Bacteria” and “Super -bacteria “.
In addition, these bacteria have a stability in the environment, up to 5 days for Enterococcus faecalis, 1 week for Escherichia coli and 4 to 5 months for spores of Clostridium difficile, ERV, SDRM, Acinetobacter 2
Bed basins, buckets, urinals, etc. are reservoirs of pathogenic microorganisms.
Handling them exposes the caregiver, the patient and the environment to microbial contamination. In addition, manual cleaning, in addition to being a thankless, tedious and costly task, is at risk; it is therefore to be avoided3.
Indeed, basin washers or macerators are heavy and expensive equipment, with frequent malfunctions (2/3 of basin washers: breakdown more than once a year)4.
In addition, they do not solve the problem of transporting the full basin to the equipment (risk of dissemination in the facilities).
In this context, it is crucial to apply good practices and to choose the right material for the management of excreta and the hygiene of dependent patients in order to prevent the infectious risk linked to cross-transmissions (interhuman, material, environment of the patient).
This solution is already used by thousands of hospitals around the world and recommended by hospital hygiene authorities.
“The protective bags make it easier and safer to collect, transport and dispose of excreta.” (Standard Precautions SF2H, France 2017)
“Use disposable excreta collection bags with absorbents for all patients using basins.” (CCLIN APHP, France 2012)
“Cover the pelvis with a hygienic bag and absorbent material to reduce the risk of health workers being exposed to faeces.” (APIC, USA 2010)
“Sanitary bags would be a safer process because the material does not leave the isolation area. It requires little or no infrastructure. […] Several hours of care are recovered because of the speed of the process.” (AETMIS, Canada 2009)
Vitale, E. (2011, May). Safer Panhandling to Reduce the Rate of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci – Giving staff the right tools to safely and efficiently do their job. Poster session presented at the CHICA-Canada National Education Conference, Toronto
Annual cost in euros including agent time:
This tool is provided free of charge to healthcare facilities by ARLIN Haute Normandie. Institutions are required to validate and verify their data. For any further information contact firstname.lastname@example.org, date of completion: 10/4/2014